The prettiest grim reaper queen – the pharmacist’s daughter
Despite the hard work, they rested well, celebrated the day of the solstice and the holy harvest.
(End. Beginning of the two previous additions “Town“)
The migration of Swabians to Roshi occurred at a rapid pace. According to the patent of Emperor Joseph II of October 17, 1781, a leather settler was to obtain a building consisting of living rooms, bedrooms, side rooms, kitchens, as well as domestic buildings, a summer kitchen and of wells. Streets should look like a cross or a double cross.
Buli Brewery and Smokehouse
The first settlers, who were mostly carpenters and masons, built simple houses like the locals. They received logs, from which they made beams, rafters and other materials. The walls were plastered with clay, yaku was mixed with polovoyu. The ground was also compacted clay. It was made of straw or shavings. Later they covered them with galvanized sheet metal.
Around 1800, these simple buildings were replaced by wooden and brick buildings. As Rheingold Weiser writes: “The pride of every gentleman was a cooker with brass fittings, a framed brass holding tube. A guy, walled in bright green or blue tiles with patterns, something like Delft style, was a real gem. Built-in oven and water tank, from which you can take hot water at any time. The yard is fenced with a palisade. In the middle there was a barn with hens and pigs and a stable for the cattle, a brewery, a covered platform for the poultry and, finally, a much vaunted summer kitchen which should be in the courtyard of everyone Roshi“.
In the yard I spent the whole day of my homeland. They cooked food, made jam and jam, pickled cucumbers in barrels, washed clothes, bathed. The house also had a fireplace with a smoking room, which was closed with iron doors so as not to smell. Only beech wood was used to smoke sausages and hams. In the evening, the family liked to sit on the veranda for coffee and pastries.
Despite hard and continuous work, the Swabians actively contributed to the cultural life of the city. They had many cultural and youth associations, women’s and men’s associations, men’s and women’s church choirs.
Author of books “Rocha – my house“ He mentions having celebrated the solstice festival in 1936, when he was 11 years old. “Groups of women, men, savages and applause were busy preparing for this great feast. Women provided food and drink, and famous Roshi citizens gave away their leads for free… Finally, that day arrived. A group of musicians on a decorated horse-drawn carriage traveled the streets and woke up the people with joyful sounds. They quickly got up from bed and listened to joyful sounds of music. After a hearty breakfast, they fill their backpacks with groceries prepared by their mother, and rush to the German House, where everyone gathers for the march to Cecino’s party venue… Eyes widen. widen, hearts rejoice, seeing a lot of food and drink, cakes and alcohol, a huge amount of sweets and drinks“.
The girls and the guys went dancing. Different games are planned for young people “fox hunting“ in the forest In the evening they lit a huge bonfire. They read poems, sang, danced, jumped params over the fire.
The Swabians especially celebrated the sacred harvest, which they brought with them from their native land and kept until their migration.
“The initiator of the harvest festival in Roshi was Friedrich Schedel, followed by Johann Renner, Michael Gerres and Hans Urich, who were the first dignitaries of the harvest festival parade, – writes Reingold Weiser. – Of course, for us children, this sight of a parade with beautifully arranged carriages, the harvest of a queen, horsemen, wind music and many participants in the parade in national costumes was an unforgettable event .
The most beautiful harvest queen, I remember her, Rita Schwab, daughter of pharmacist Schwab“.
Preparations for the party took place several weeks in advance. They made a large number of ribbons, garlands of silk and flowers to decorate furs, horses and riders. A column lined up at the sports ground for the German house. A parade launched by the band of volunteer firefighters. Front rider Johann Renner, reapers and reapers, harvest wagons, other riders, various companies went for it. The harvest queen threw flowers, I looked on both sides of the street. A festive procession passed through the city and then returned to the German House. In the yard they put long rows of stalls. Innkeeper Wilhelm Gerber provided guests with food and drink.
The last sacred harvest in Roshi took place in August 1939. When the Russians arrived in Bukovina on June 29, 1940, it was all over. What the Swabians have achieved in more than 150 years has passed overnight…
Use of materials from Rheingold Weiser’s books “Rocha – my house“.
Translated from German by Pavla Pivtoraka
Photo from the collections of Edvard Turkevich
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